Tuesday, December 02, 2008

廠佬四面楚歌

內地的《勞動合同法》認真惡搞,禤中怡曾談到做廠朋友的苦況兼應變措施後,立刻有網友留言如下:「我公司是在國內開設紡織染廠,由於舉辦北京奧運,要做好環保工作,大部分化工廠要減低產量或停產,引致所有原材料供應不足,價格上漲,在內地經營成本有增無減,再加上《勞動合同法》出台,使我們中小企雪上加霜,現在又要面對金融海嘯,我廠在年頭已和員工簽訂勞動合同,在出年年頭約滿,現在未清晰如何續約,看到你那篇「廠佬簽短約求生」,很想知道更多求生方法,希望有經驗廠商可以有更多資料提供,謝謝!」

禤中怡見到這個場面,自然不懂如何教路,今次便一口氣找兩個做廠朋友問清楚秘訣。第一個做塑膠產品的朋友教路,要簽5個半月短期僱傭合約的話,亦要注意交接期和所涉人數,建議如工廠員工人數有1,000人,可考慮分3批,在不同時間簽約,減低萬一員工不續約或裁員時所產生的影響。

除此以外,朋友話要節省員工薪酬成本,另一個應變措施就是趁淡季取消加班,維持每周5日開工,每日8小時,慳回加班費,原因是,內地員工倘見到隔壁的工廠有加班,想搵多少少而自己跳槽的話,僱主可省卻多付一個月薪酬。

另一位經營電腦配件的廠商朋友則坦言,自己間廠員工少,只有約100人,根本難以用簽短約的招數,故採取在膳食和宿舍設施方面著手,希望能夠拉上補下。他又話,已經停止開發新產品,避免開支大增,因為要做一套新模具的花費不少,故會將舊產品略為優化,如改變顏色等。

對於加班問題,他嘆道,本身已經出現訂單不足情況,自然毋須加班,但員工來自不同地區的凝聚力很強,如果跳槽的話,分分鐘整隊四川幫離隊,或者一批廣西員工齊齊辭職,所以要維持產品質素,建議要積極保留主管級員工,減少這個階層的流失。

禤中怡聽完他們的建議,實在感到守業這種艱難的工作,絕不容易應付,單是要維持基本收支平衡狀況,就已經是一套社會學問,更遑論開疆闢地,建立一番事業。

最叫人悲哀的是,竟然是兩位做廠的朋友都建議,是否應考慮結束業務。做塑膠的朋友話,紡織染廠面對內地收緊環保政策,若果本身規模較細,日後恐怕要動用大筆資金添置設備以符合規定,且原料價格未來續波動恐難免,實在需要有軍師幫手,議定對策。

經營電腦配件的廠商朋友更話,其實自己都已經考慮,是否退下來,畢竟內地民營企業只有鬥平一招,根本難以迎敵,至於借錢融資又有困難。不過,若果真的放棄生產業務,自己再次轉型的話,又可以怎樣重頭發展呢?莫非去街邊賣小食?

(12月2日刊於《am730》)

11 Comments:

At 10:17 PM, Blogger 市場維京人 said...

唉,其實阿爺家下真係可能未有資格講咩勞動法。工人辛酸 D 做嘢,等十幾億嘅人都有啖飽飯食嘅時候,再講工人權益可能更合適。

不過,who knows?

 
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我间公司都系厂, 都系面对呢D问题未知道点解决.

 
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