Monday, December 16, 2013

霧霾鬥力

甚麼有關香港的排行榜,禤中怡都會望望,當然有些會一笑置之,有些希望可作反省,例如中國城市競爭力研究會的中國城市競爭力排行榜,香港在連續11年居首位的情況下,今年竟然跌一級,不但失去「淡定」會拿的冠軍,而跑贏的上海原來去年排第二,今年總分僅多香港63.28分,而香港總分是16,099.8分。
當然,這個排行榜要評核的範疇認真多,包括10項一級指標、50項二級指標、217項三級指標構成,至於內容大家自行細讀。另一個訊息是,排第三的北京亦進逼上來,明年會否連亞軍也不保?因為只相差1.8%而已。
同在內地打滾多年的銀行界朋友談起,上海近年發展迅速,以往浦東靜悄悄的,住宅更是便宜,但轉眼間已如火箭般升值,像臨江有座超級豪宅,數年前聲稱,每方米十多萬元人民幣,當時能否成交也成疑,但今日已成等閒事。
不過,另一對手首都北京正面對競爭力受阻的難題:霧霾,最大問題是一些政策或基建落後的問題,可利用內地政府強大的行政執行力去盡快解決,可惜天氣問題卻非朝夕能改善,即使北京奧運舉行前,政府曾推出勒令污染源頭之一的鋼鐵廠停止生產的政策,當時看來奏效,煙花製造的「腳印」效果依然歷歷在目。
朋友嘆曰,可惜在北京附近的河北省周邊鋼鐵廠仍然林立,結果問題未有徹底解決。他更話,本來有於首都工作的同事剛榮陞父親,為了小朋友着想,計劃安排他們調往上海進駐,希望能夠呼吸新鮮空氣,怎知霧霾已進襲這個江邊城市,無論遷移與否,也無法避開這種污染。
記得香港空氣污染嚴重情況,曾幾何時成為削弱經濟競爭力的主因!美國商會曾調查發現,93%受訪會員視空氣污染為影響營商主因,亞洲知識管理學院曾指,空氣污染程度嚴重,使很多海外人才都不願意到香港工作、瑞士洛桑國際管理學院在世界競爭力年度報告中,曾佔榜首的香港亦跌兩位至第三位,其中基礎建設因污染問題而下跌三位。
相對內地,那麼明年香港在這方面能否扳回些小分數呢?
不過,大家亦可正面看,努力找做電廠廢氣脫硝、脫硫,甚至餐廳油煙設備技術股份,銷售潔能環保車企業,且看是否有投資價值,亦希望政府用商機還市民一口新鮮空氣,否則分分鐘連領導人的壽命也大受影響。
內地早有專題報道,英國的工業革命污染的惡果,產生的霧霾損害當地人,於1952年12月,倫敦上空風力微弱,煤煙難以擴散,不少人染上支氣管炎、哮喘等病,陸陸續續病死的估計逾萬人,真的不想在六十多年後再次重演。

(12月16日刊於《am730》)

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