Wednesday, May 02, 2007

倫敦豪宅呎價7.8萬元

禤中怡近日到首都倫敦公幹數日,才感受到英國經濟佳,因偷閒到Knightsbridge著名百貨公司Harrods逛逛,之後步往就近的海德公園。

經過一幢幢傳統英式建築及簇新的商舖,遊人川流不息,兼且個個「一袋二袋」,氣氛熱鬧,可見該區零售行業定必「搵錢」,而在此地投資房產、酒店及商舖亦相信回報甚豐。此時看見眼前一個建築地盤(圖),掛著一個熟口熟面的「扇型」文華酒店logo,原來此為該集團新超級豪宅項目「One Hyde Park」,而旁邊就是海德公園南面的入口,想必價值不菲。這個提供7星級服務的豪宅最近往印度作推介,相信是為了配合印度富豪的需求,據聞一個面積2萬平方呎大單位叫價高達1億英鎊(約15.6億港元)!即每平方呎達7.8萬港元!不過,該項目要09年才落成,先看地盤環境。由於地段珍貴,叫價是否合理就見仁見智,但相信香港大發展商或可以拿此做賣點,話該價錢反映香港豪宅價格未算太昂貴,兼有大量上升水位添!

大集團打倒小商販
股票有歸邊(即股份集中由少數人持有),其實行走在大型商場,或者在大街上,店舖歸邊情況一樣,在發達國家尤其嚴重。

以英國為例,當地樓價不斷攀升,眾所周知,或可視為經濟良好的副作用,故當地零售商未有減慢投資步伐,紛紛搶佔地盤,希望提升市場佔有率,最終連小商戶也走向末路。

據Institute of Grocery Distribution統計顯示,獨立小商戶經營的便利店數目於去年便急跌5.3%至2.45萬間,較市場總數的5.199萬間不足一半,佔市場銷售總值僅27.1%,但驚人的是,在短短3年前,這些獨立小商戶所佔整體數目約60%,佔市場總值所佔比重更高達33%!可見競爭壓力對小商戶的打擊有多大。

儘管整體便利店數目亦有下降,大財團、大型連鎖店卻成為最大得益者,去年便新增多達1.37萬間,升5.6%!大家熟悉的馬莎(Mark& Spencer)更已部署將其便利店數目大增3倍,由現時的190間升至600間。若果計及其他傳統零售巨頭,如Tesco、Sainsbury’s和Somerfield,4間大集團經營的便利店數目已達2,510間,增3.4%,即每在便利店消費10英鎊,該4間大集團就佔其中的1.3英鎊,相信隨著他們持續膨脹,這個比重只會愈來愈高。不過,談到增長最迅速的非Co-op(United Co-operatives)莫屬。該集團將店舖數目急增6.6%至2,488間。

這些店舖無疑集齊方便、環境不俗和貨物整齊等優點,但小商戶所提供的親切感卻非冷漠的收銀員可比擬,奈何今天買東西要快,還有甚麼時間和老闆傾談閒話家常呢!香港的零售環境何常不是那般缺乏選擇性,禤中怡曾見到一檔賣報紙雜誌的小販,最後被旁邊的便利店「打敗」而結束,或許大家認為禤中怡未有跟著潮流,要邁向國際大都會就當然要有犧牲,否則政府為何要大力打擊流動小販呢!不過,禤中怡只見在兩三條街內,有4至5間大集團的連鎖便利店,其他類似商店還可以做甚麼呢?

(5月2日刊於《am730》)

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