Tuesday, November 07, 2006

李嘉誠捐錢有計

長和主席李嘉誠做生意一向無遠弗屆,無論世界各地都有他的足跡。還記得他去年初出售私人持有的加拿大帝國銀行全部股份後,套現超過12億加元(約82.6億港元),全部金錢其後捐予香港的李嘉誠基金會,及於同時成立以加拿大多倫多為基地的李嘉誠(加拿大)基金會。當時本港傳媒亦有廣泛報道李超人的善舉。

不經不覺,李嘉誠(加拿大)基金會已成立1年多,究竟這個基金會的金錢是怎樣運用的呢?禤中怡八八掛掛,發現原來李嘉誠(加拿大)基金會剛剛公布了一些數字,該基金向當地稅務局提交的首個財務報告披露,直至05年底基金仍有2.569億加元(約17.68億港元)資金,但已經是當地十大慈善基金之一!

不過,像香港的基金會一樣,這間位於加拿大的基金會主要將錢捐往海外。期內曾捐錢予海外機構所涉金錢達5,340萬加元(約3.67億港元),但所謂海外,最大份的卻是香港大學(涉約3.25億港元),另一間受惠機構就是加州柏克萊分校。至於在加拿大本土,原來只有多倫多聖米高醫院基金會(St. Michael’s Hospital Foundation)受惠,但金額亦不過120萬加元(約825萬港元)。

為甚麼會出現這種場面呢?其實,不要以為美洲國家崇尚自由奔放,一切隨心所欲。查實加拿大註冊的慈善基金會捐錢也不易。根據當地的稅務法例,慈善基金會若果想捐錢,首先要做查察,看看接受捐款的機構,是否符合稅局所定的合資格接受捐贈身份,否則難成好事。

原來加國稅務局早列出一張海外大學捐款名單,幸好香港大學等海外學術機構均榜上有名,才有資格接受捐款,而這些被列為合資格接受金額捐款的機構則要按一般商業程序,需要發出正式稅務發票方可,真是各村鄉村各處例。

去歐洲食大閘蟹
今年有幾位好食的賓架,完成中國工商銀行(1398)這宗世紀上市項目之後,不理股市有多暢旺,竟然齊齊飛去歐洲。

或許大家以為,這些賓架旅遊度假散心,在咖啡座坐坐飲杯咖啡,不理甚麼經濟數據,皆因一隻巨型企業集資妥當,今年的quota已超額達標。不過,真正的答案卻令大家出乎意料之外,原來這群賓架樂於搭十多小時飛機,卻是為了食大閘蟹!

所謂秋風起,絕對又是食大閘蟹的好季節,話雖在股海做大閘蟹,一定不是好事,但陽澄湖大閘蟹一直都是不少華籍賓架,甚至是長居香港的外籍人士的心頭好。以往,論大閘蟹之正宗,一定是陽澄湖也。

禤中怡以前都曾經聽過,正統大閘蟹已移民歐洲的說法,但卻未有親身試過歐洲品種的質素與陽澄湖的有何分別。有賓架朋友就解釋,原來在一百年前左右,有批大閘蟹,亂打亂撞登上前往歐洲的貨船,終於飄洋過海去到德國、荷蘭一帶,並生存繁殖起來。

由於德國、荷蘭天氣和環境與中國江南一帶頗為相近,加上當地的環境保護做得好,又無其他同類的蟹種跟牠們爭奪地盤,結果在易北河(Elbe River,為中歐主要航運水道之一,該河主要流向西北地區,並從捷克開始,穿過德國,河水最終注入北海)一帶的大閘蟹便變得越來越多。

不過歐洲人對大閘蟹的認識不多,漁民只以為此種外來怪客令他們魚獲大減,因為大閘蟹吃掉河裡面的魚蝦,自然影響當地的生態環境。有些漁民更索性將大閘蟹當作垃圾處理。就像當年外國人不懂食用鳳爪、雞腎等,其後,不知甚麼原因,大閘蟹襲歐洲的消息越傳越遠,飲食習慣全然不同的亞洲人便以廉價入貨。有批越南難民後代「識蟹」,就平價向漁民收購。識食的自然懂得找門路,然後開始有人聞風而至。近年更有越來越多的亞洲留學生及食家特別前往德國,大啖品嘗大閘蟹。按照禤中怡的朋友估計,遲早連德國的漁民也會愛上大閘蟹這種美食。

放眼內地,環境污染嚴重,食物安全無保障,加上北方的蟹種同大閘蟹混種嚴重,無以前那般純正,再加上假貨等問題,食到一眾食家怕怕,所以德國大閘蟹興起是遲早問題。朋友仲話,現時德國大閘蟹在當地,一公斤約4、5歐元(約39.6至49.5港元)左右,計算之下,價格確又不算昂貴。

不知在數年後,會否有人實行安排一個紅酒及大閘蟹美食旅行團,先去法國找尋美酒享受一番,然後再去德國及荷蘭品嘗大閘蟹,相信都是一種頗有諗頭的做法。如果中國還不盡快改善環境,人人都去德國食原產自中國的大閘蟹,那可能是又是一個物離鄉貴的事例吧。

(11月7日刊於《am730》)

12 Comments:

At 7:43 PM, Anonymous 表妹 said...

橘越淮而枳。真係一蟹不如一蟹。

 
At 4:33 PM, Blogger Yau said...

可否告知多一點關於歐洲大閘蟹的資料?

 
At 12:50 AM, Anonymous ahfa said...

tracy tsang,

Try the link:-
http://www.rthk.org.hk/rthk/tv/hkce/20051201.html

 
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