Wednesday, November 01, 2006

大膽交易員

在2004年,花旗銀行企業及投資銀行部在倫敦的數名trader(交易員),利用歐洲國家債券市場的漏洞,「搞出」Dr. Evil Trade(Dr. Evil是荷李活笑片Austin Power奸角名字),令債券市場短時間大起大落,結果令花旗銀行成為哈佛商學院的教材,又被英國監管當局罰1,400萬英鎊(約2億港元),之後花旗自然不敢那麼大膽。不過Dr. Evil Trade之後兩年,又有人挑戰難度,在債券市場「搞事」搵錢,不過今次這幾位高人不單只失手被人發覺,而且更被全世界最惡最煩的美國證監會調查。今次這幾位高人並非來自花旗,而是分別來自UBS(瑞銀)以及瑞信(Credit Suisse)兩大瑞士銀行集團。禤中怡更懷疑是次涉案的交易員食了豹子膽,因為他們參與的是美國國庫券(US Treasury)。

讀過投資的都知美國國庫券是甚麼,主要有3種分類,包括美國短期國庫券(Treasury Bills),期限從90日到1年不等、美國中期國庫券(Treasury Notes),期限由2至10年不等,及美國長期國債(Treasury Bonds),年期達10至30年不等。這種國庫券一直被視為最安全債券投資,因為有美國政府的信譽支持。除非有天災人禍,否則一定可收回本金。但那班高手當然不會「郁」美國30年期的國庫券,據知情人士向《華爾街日報》指,今年2月有批美國短期國庫券,主要是2011年到期,交投特別活躍,不知發生甚麼事。而Credit Suisse的其中一名涉嫌交易員Thomas Brown已因此事離職,看來不像花旗Dr. Evil Trade般,純粹玩「合法超技術」被人發覺那麼簡單,可能真是有人連美國證監都不怕,「打茅波出事」。當然,一切詳情仍要等美國證監會及兩間當事銀行的公布。不過,美國證監會驚高手們在美國國庫券市場打茅波又好正路,因美國政府很喜歡以發行一些短期票據「頂住」財政赤字,特別是小布殊周圍打打殺殺,目前開戰與黑社會「求其搵開山刀劈人」那麼簡單,戰斧導彈、航空母艦全部都是很貴的殺人武器,在財赤與「急水」的情況下,自然為一眾好事之徒提供了「做大事」的機會。如果有人在短期票據上動手腳,兼且被對沖基金,或者其他金融恐怖分子興風作浪,要玩弄大美國金融市場也並非mission impossible 。而那位交易員,無理由不知當中的政治微妙,仍敢搏出位,真是技高人胆大。

無厘頭舊片也值35元
如果有連續3日假期,以往總會安排一日鑽進戲院裡,但今日要找間戲院難上加難。不過,禤中怡在旺角閒逛,卻被一個場面所震撼。在行人專用區竟有一大群人聚集,發出陣陣笑聲,原來正在一間售賣影碟店鋪前欣賞一齣相信無10年都有8載的舊片——《回魂夜》。擔綱演出的正是無厘頭之父周星馳,而這齣舊片重新發行卻成大家注目觀看的「經典巨片」,單是VCD也索價35元,比其他港產新片售40至50元可說絕不失禮,反映發行商對這部片有信心,不過從另一角度想可能又是一個新不如舊的例子。証明電影工業現况,在香港經營電影者究竟還是否合乎商業原則,亦值得探討。更叫禤中怡感意外的,是巨製外語片在香港觀眾心目中的觀賞價值,原來亦不一定獲垂青。正如今年日本本土的話題之作、由日本巨星反町隆史、中村獅童演出、聲稱斥資不菲的大片「大和號」,VCD叫價也不過39元,可見產品價值不在乎新與舊。

另一位朋友告知在銅鑼灣的VCD舖亦有類似情況,大批路過的「戲迷」圍在舖門外,欣賞「正放映中」的《回魂夜》,但不要以為可以用「腳力」換取這張免費戲票,因為看舖者只重複播放一段約10分鐘「精彩片段」,欲知後事如何,就非要閣下掏出銀両買其影碟不可。

(11月1日刊於《am730》)

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